05.03.2022, 08:08
A+ Analytics

Problems of information security of Kazakhstan in the light of the war in Ukraine

The military conflict between Russia and Ukraine showed the big problems and shortcomings of the information field of Kazakhstan. Everyone can see the results of propaganda, one-sided presentation of information about events in Ukraine on the example of their relatives, friends and colleagues. A dangerous split in society is taking place not just in specific families and collectives, but also in regions and cities.

Фотография с открытых источников

Despite the formally sovereign information field, the presence of a mass of domestic media, and the repeatedly expressed official position of the leadership of Kazakhstan about the inadmissibility of using military force to resolve interstate conflicts, the Kazakh public shows all signs of fragmentation. There are examples of the first negative “responses” in social networks to events in Ukraine, expressed in support of someone else’s war, disputes over the decision of the regional provider Remstroyservis to block foreign channels promoting military aggression, the anti-war position of the Uralskaya Nedelya newspaper, a rally in support of peace and Ukraine in Almaty, a nationwide collection of humanitarian aid in the capital, etc.

There is still a lot of sociological research to be done on the ideological boundaries within the Kazakh society, but the danger of the situation caused by the lack of a single information field in Kazakhstan is obvious. According to the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan "On National Security" of 2012, information security is recognized as an important part of the overall complex of Kazakhstan's security. According to this document, information security is “the state of protection of the information space of the Republic of Kazakhstan ... from real and potential threats, which ensures sustainable development and information independence of the country.”

It is difficult to overestimate the power and influence of the “fourth estate”, which can become a weapon of “mass destruction”, striking the unity and cohesion of society around its state, leadership and leaders. Since the advent of the media, their influence and power on the minds and opinions of the population have become noticeable. All modern revolutions of the twentieth century were carried out with obligatory attention to the topic of media coverage, the capture of media outlets. For a long time there was a hope that with the advent of the Internet, the advent of modern technical means, gadgets, social networks, the openness and availability of data will allow ordinary citizens to receive reliable information from various sources. Fair competition between TV channels, Internet sites, journalists for their audience, in order to disseminate truthful, verified information, was to become a mechanism for the common good and peace in society and between countries.

However, modern realities and examples of conflicts in Ukraine, Syria, competition between world news agencies show that the media, the Internet space, journalism are losing their traditional functions of transmitting truthful information, educating the population, promoting the ideas of peace and cooperation. Instead of fair competition between the media for an audience and high ratings, television channels, Internet sites, and journalists are increasingly becoming weapons, soldiers of a new kind of information war.

Modern conflicts and wars today include not only tanks, planes, but also the struggle of the media with each other on all communication platforms. Despite different methods and means, the goal remains the same victory and control over the territory of a foreign state and the mood of society through propaganda, manipulation of information and trivial deceit.

Kazakhstan, as an independent state with a fairly large population, territory and independent policy, must also control and protect its national interests, its own information field and confidently defend its point of view. However, the realities of the information field of Kazakhstan show the presence of many problems that are noticeable to any observer. The dominance of foreign television channels, the low rating and weak interest of the population in relation to the state television channels of Kazakhstan, the lack of rating analytical and news projects, the lack of reputable and well-known journalists, a large number of low-quality programs and broadcasts on state channels, “clogging” free time of channels with serials, concerts , all this is the modern realities of the domestic media, and the list can be continued for a very long time.

The weak security of the information field of Kazakhstan raises the issue of ensuring the country's information security from the propaganda of foreign states and foreign media. The information field is just as important an element of security as economic, food and military independence.

Undisguised support for the "special military operation" of the Russian armed forces in Ukraine, various activities to promote the letter "Z", the absence of Kazakh-language news Internet portals are increasingly becoming commonplace in some regions of our country. All this indicates a growing trend of inability to protect and control the sovereignty of the information field in Kazakhstan at the proper level.
Obviously, the information field of Kazakhstan will continue to be open and transparent for objective legal, economic, geopolitical reasons. It is impossible to simply shut down the activities of foreign media with a single document or forceful methods to force TV viewers to watch only state channels. We need various measures and mechanisms for building the sovereign information field of Kazakhstan and the balance of "carrot and stick" in this area.

The issue of strengthening the sovereign Kazakhstani information space requires the solution of many current and strategic tasks. Obviously, it is impossible to build a sovereign information field in Kazakhstan without changing the attitude of the state, the country's leaders to the role of the media, journalists, social networks, bloggers. The events of "bloody January" also once again showed the attitude of the population towards local television channels, buildings, equipment, which became the object of attack and aggression.

It can be summed up that it is difficult to build an independent and autonomous information space, it is impossible to interest and bind the viewer with bare "beliefs". However, there is no other way than to develop our own media, increase the professionalism and authority of journalists, grow our recognizable media faces, invest in and support journalists.

In the Second Republic, after 30 years of independence, we will actually have to start building a truly sovereign information field from the beginning. Competition requires not only versatile incentives, but also an attentive attitude of state bodies to the topic of censorship, “prohibition”, which, if properly approached, can draw public attention to state media. It is obvious that the example of Ukraine, which once lost sight of the information space, long before 2014, but then made up for lost time by rallying its nation before the ordeals of war, should also be in the focus of our attention.